State Medicinal Plants Board (SMPB) Kerala

Averrhoa carambola L.

  • Family: Oxalidaceae
  • Vernacular names: Chathurapuli, Anapulinchi, Thamaratha, ചതുരപ്പുളി, ആനപ്പുളിഞ്ചി (Malayalam), Carambola apple (English), Karmaranga (Sanskrit), Karmal (Hindi), Tamarathai (Tamil)
  • Distribution: Native of Indonesia, cultivated in other tropical countries
  • Description: Small trees. Leaves scattered; leaflets 3-6 pairs, variable. Inflorescence axillary, rarely on branches, flowers bright red, yellowish-brown with pale margin when dry. Fruits ovoid to ellipsoid with 5 acute longitudinal ridges; seeds aril 2-lipped, enclosing seed, fleshy.
  • Habit: Tree
  • Habitat: Cultivated Flowering and Fruiting: May-August
  • Flowering & Fruiting:

  • Parts used: Root, leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds
  • Properties & Uses: Fruits are tonic, refrigerant and antiscorbutic. Green fruits are astringent to the bowels. Ripe fruit is a good remedy for bleeding piles, particularly for internal piles. It is also useful in relieving thirst and febrile excitement. Juice of the fruit is given in dysentery and hepatic colic. Dried fruit is given in fevers. Leaves are considered antipyretic, antipruritic and anthelmintic; employed in the treatment of scabies.
  • Systems of Medicines: Folk, Unani,
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