State Medicinal Plants Board (SMPB) Kerala

Artocarpus hirsutus Lam.

  • Family: Moraceae
  • Vernacular names: Anjili, Ayani, ആഞ്ഞിലി, അയനി, അയണി (Malayalam), Wild jack (English), Panasah (Sanskrit),
  • Distribution: Endemic to Southern Western Ghats
  • Description: Evergreen trees. Leaves simple, alternate. Flowers unisexual, minute, yellowish-green; male in axillary, pendulous, narrowly cylindric spikes; female flowers in axillary ovoid spikes. Fruit a sorosis globose or ovoid, echinate, the spines cylindric, straight; seeds 16-18 mm long, ovoid, white.
  • Habit: Tree
  • Habitat: Semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  • Flowering & Fruiting: December-March

  • Parts used: Fruits, leaves and bark
  • Properties & Uses: Dry leaves and juice together with Curcuma zedoaria and camphor are used externally to treat inflammatory swellings of lymph glands and swollen testicles.
  • Systems of Medicines: Ayurveda, Folk,
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