State Medicinal Plants Board (SMPB) Kerala

Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.

  • Family: Moraceae
  • Vernacular names: Chakka, Pilavu, ചക്ക, പ്ലാവ് (Malayalam), Jack fruit tree (English), Panasa (Sanskrit), Chakki (Hindi),
  • Distribution: Widely cultivated in the tropics, origin is probably South India
  • Description: Evergreen trees. Leaves simple, alternate. Flowers unisexual, minute, yellowish-green, in spikes enclosed by spathe-like bracts, male from young branches, catkin narrow-cylindric; female catkins from the trunk and mature branches. Fruit a sorosis, oblong, tuberculate; seeds elliptic-oblong, smooth, glossy.
  • Habit: Tree
  • Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests, also widely cultivated
  • Flowering & Fruiting: November-April

  • Parts used: Roots, leaves, fruits and seeds
  • Properties & Uses: Fruits and seeds are acrid, laxative, cooling, astringent, constipating, diuretic, aphrodisiac and carminative. Young leaves are used to treat certain skin diseases; the ash is used to treat ulcers. Decoction of the root is useful for treating diarrhea.
  • Systems of Medicines: Ayurveda, Folk, Unani,
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