State Medicinal Plants Board (SMPB) Kerala

Aristolochia tagala Cham.

  • Family: Aristolochiaceae
  • Vernacular names: Garudakodi, Eswaramulla, Valiya arayan, ഗരുഡകോടി, ഈശ്വരമുല്ല, വലിയ അരയൻ (Malayalam), Oval leaf Dutchman’s pipe (English), Kozhikkoodu chedi (Tamil)
  • Distribution: Indo-Malesia and China
  • Description: Twiners, stem glabrous. Leaves ovate, apex acuminate, deeply cordate. Flowers greenish-yellow, axillary raceme. Capsule obovoid, stalked, 6-celled.
  • Habit: Climbers/Lianas
  • Habitat: Moist deciduous and semi-evergreen forests
  • Flowering & Fruiting: January-June

  • Parts used: Root and leaves
  • Properties & Uses: Anti-venomous, anthelmintic and febrifuge. Fresh or dry roots are recommended internally for snake and insect poison and the paste applied on the bitten part. Pounded leaves applied to the head to treat fever, it also used for the treatment of skin diseases.
  • Systems of Medicines: Ayurveda, Folk,
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