State Medicinal Plants Board (SMPB) Kerala

Aphanamixis polystachya (Wall.) R.Parker

  • Family: Meliaceae
  • Vernacular names: Chemmaram, ചെമ്മരം (Malayalam), Rohituka tree (English), Rohituka (Sanskrit), Harin-hara (Hindi), Melampuluvam (Tamil)
  • Distribution: India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Sri Lanka
  • Description: Evergreen trees. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, crowded at the end of branchlets, estipulate. Flowers polygamo-dioecious, white; panicles to 70 cm long, axillary, drooping. Fruit a capsule, 3-lobed, glabrous yellow or purplish; seeds 2 or 3, oblong, with a scarlet aril.
  • Habit: Tree
  • Habitat: Evergreen, semi-evergreen and shola forests, also in sacred groves
  • Flowering & Fruiting: January-December

  • Parts used: Bark and seeds
  • Properties & Uses: Acrid, bitter, vulnerary, digestive, anthelmintic, depurative, urinary astringent and refrigerant. Bark and seeds are used to treat liver disorders, leprosy, tumour, ulcer, dyspepsia, intestinal worms, skin diseases, leprosy, diabetes, jaundice, burning sensation, rheumatoid arthritis and leucorrhoea.
  • Systems of Medicines: Ayurveda, Unani, Homeo,
  • Conservation Status: Vulnerable.
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