Distribution: India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Sri Lanka
Description: Evergreen trees. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, crowded at the end of branchlets, estipulate. Flowers polygamo-dioecious, white; panicles to 70 cm long, axillary, drooping. Fruit a capsule, 3-lobed, glabrous yellow or purplish; seeds 2 or 3, oblong, with a scarlet aril.
Habitat: Evergreen, semi-evergreen and shola forests, also in sacred groves
Flowering & Fruiting: January-December
Parts used: Bark and seeds
Properties & Uses: Acrid, bitter, vulnerary, digestive, anthelmintic, depurative, urinary astringent and refrigerant. Bark and seeds are used to treat liver disorders, leprosy, tumour, ulcer, dyspepsia, intestinal worms, skin diseases, leprosy, diabetes, jaundice, burning sensation, rheumatoid arthritis and leucorrhoea.