State Medicinal Plants Board (SMPB) Kerala

Antiaris toxicaria Lesch.

  • Family: Moraceae
  • Vernacular names: Arayanjili, Aranthal, Maravuri, അരയാഞ്ഞിലി, അരന്താൽ, മരവുരി (Malayalam), Upas tree (English), Valkala (Sanskrit), Nettavil (Tamil)
  • Distribution: Paleotropics
  • Description: Large trees. Leaves simple, alternate, bifarious. Flowers unisexual, greenish-yellow, minute, in spikes; male receptacle, axillary, female solitary in an involucre of few connate bracts. Fruit a drupe, pyriform or obovoid.
  • Habit: Tree
  • Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests, also in sacred groves
  • Flowering & Fruiting: January-April

  • Parts used: Latex and seeds
  • Properties & Uses: Latex in small dose is a mild cardiac and circulatory stimulant; in large doses a myocardial poison. Seeds are used as febrifuge and useful in dysentery.
  • Systems of Medicines: Ayurveda, Folk,
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