State Medicinal Plants Board (SMPB) Kerala

Anacardium occidentale L.

  • Family: Anacardiaceae
  • Vernacular names: Kappamavu, Parangimavu, Kashumavu, കപ്പമാവ്, പറങ്കിമാവ്, കശുമാവ് (Malayalam), Cashew-nut tree (English), Kajutah (Sanskrit), Kaju (Hindi), Mundri (Tamil)
  • Distribution: Native of South America; now widely cultivated in Asia and Africa
  • Description: Trees, bark pale grey to brown; blaze dull pink. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate. Flowers polygamous, yellow, streaked with pink, in terminal prominently bracteate panicles. Fruit a reniform nut, grey, seated on a large pyriform fleshy body formed of enlarged disc and top of the pedicel; seed reniform, ascending.
  • Habit: Tree
  • Habitat: Cultivated
  • Flowering & Fruiting: November-April

  • Parts used: Fruit, seeds, root and bark
  • Properties & Uses: Aphrodisiac, anti-diabetic and anti-diarrheal. The cashew apple as well as the juice possesse antidiarrheal property. The juice is valued as a diuretic and is useful for treating kidney troubles and advanced cholera. It also used to treat mental derangement, morning sickness, sexual debility and smallpox.
  • Systems of Medicines: Folk, Unani, Homeo,
  • Download QR Codes: PNG | SVG | EPS