State Medicinal Plants Board (SMPB) Kerala

Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd.

  • Family: Zingiberaceae
  • Vernacular names: Aratha, Kolaratha, Kolinchi, അരത്ത, കോലരത്ത, കോലിഞ്ചി (Malayalam), Java galangal, (English), Kapidruma, (Sanskrit), Artupam (Tamil)
  • Distribution: Cultivated throughout South-east Asia
  • Description: Perennial herbs. Leaves oblong-lanceolate. Inflorescence terminal on the leaf shoot, dense-flowered. Flowers greenish-white, streaked with red. Fruit globose, orange-red.
  • Habit: Herb
  • Habitat: Widely cultivated
  • Flowering & Fruiting: April-December

  • Parts used: Rhizomes
  • Properties & Uses: Rhizomes are bitter, acrid, aromatic, stimulant, carminative, stomachic, aphrodisiac and febrifuge. Rhizomes are used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, inflammations, cough, asthma, bronchitis, hiccough, dyspepsia, stomachalgia, obesity, diabetes, tubercular glands and intermittent fever.
  • Systems of Medicines: Ayurveda, Folk, Unani,
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