State Medicinal Plants Board (SMPB) Kerala

Albizia amara (Roxb.) B.Boivin

  • Family: Fabaceae
  • Vernacular names: Nenmenivaka, നെന്മേനിവാക (Malayalam), Oil cake tree (English),
  • Distribution: India, Sri Lanka and parts of East Africa
  • Description: Much branched trees; to 13 m high; bark thin, surface grey, rough, scaly; blaze yellowish, branchlets brown, pubescent. Leaves bipinnate, alternate, stipulate; stipules minute, free, lateral, lanceolate; leaflets 20-60, opposite, even pinnate, estipulate, lamina 3-8 x.1-2 mm, sessile, linear, base oblique, apex subacute or obtuse, margin entire, ciliate or glabrous. Flowers bisexual, white, heads solitary or 2-3 in axillary fascicles. Fruit a pod 10-24 x 2.5-4 cm, flat, greyish-brown, veiny, straight or wavy along margin, base and apex rotund, horned, indehiscent; seeds 6-13, compressed, ovate-orbicular.
  • Habit: Tree
  • Habitat: Dry deciduous forests and also planted
  • Flowering & Fruiting: June-January

  • Parts used: Bark
  • Properties & Uses: The fruit pods are emetic. They are used in the treatment of malaria and coughs. A root infusion is drunk to treat pneumonia, tuberculosis, infertility of women and as an aphrodisiac. The roots are applied externally to treat warts and as a remedy against uterus complaints. The bark is used to treat jaundice and mouth inflammations.
  • Systems of Medicines: Ayurveda, Folk,
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