State Medicinal Plants Board (SMPB) Kerala

Alangium salviifolium (L. f.) Wang.

  • Family: Alangiaceae
  • Vernacular names: Ankodam, Ankolam, അങ്കോലം, അങ്കോടം (Malayalam), Sage leaved Alangium (English), Dhera (Sanskrit), Dhera, Ankol (Hindi), Elangi, Alandi (Tamil)
  • Distribution: India, Sri Lanka, China, Vietnam, Thailand and Africa
  • Description: Small trees, to 15 m high, bark greyish-brown. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; lamina 7-15 x 3-4 cm, oblong, elliptic or ovate, base oblique or obtuse, apex acute, margin entire, chartaceous, glabrous above, puberulous beneath; 3-5 nerved at base, lateral nerves 4-7 pairs, pinnate, ascending, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, white, fragrant, 1.5 cm across, in axillary cymes or fascicles; bracts 4 mm; calyx 3 mm, adnate to ovary, cupular, tomentose; lobes 10, triangular-ovate; petals 10, 2.5 x 5 cm, linear-oblong, tomentose; stamens to 20; ovary infererior, 2 mm, turbinate, 1-celled, 1-ovuled, pendulous, ovary surmounted by a disc, enclosing the style; style 2 mm long, glabrous; stigma capitate. Fruit a berry, subglobose, brownish-red, pubescent, crowned with calyx lobes; seed one, ovoid.
  • Habit: Tree
  • Habitat: Dry deciduous forests, also grown in homesteads.
  • Flowering & Fruiting: March-June

  • Parts used: Whole plant
  • Properties & Uses: Conventionally, the juice and extract of Alangium salvifolium leaves have been used for the treatment of diabetes, wound healing, dog bite, and as a poultice in rheumatism.
  • Systems of Medicines: Ayurveda, Folk,
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