State Medicinal Plants Board (SMPB) Kerala

Ailanthus triphysa (Dennst.) Alston

  • Family: Simaroubeaceae
  • Vernacular names: Matti, Mattipala, Pongallyam, Perumaram, മട്ടി, മട്ടിപ്പാല, പൊങല്യം, പെരുമരം (Malayalam), Maharukh (English), Aralu, Atisarahita (Sanskrit), Guggula-dhup (Hindi), Peru (Tamil)
  • Distribution: Indo-Malesia and Australia
  • Description: Lofty deciduous trees, to 30 m high, bark grey, Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, crowded towards the apex of branches; rachis 26.5-52.5 cm long; leaflets 11-23, opposite or subopposite; lamina 8.5-17 x 2-6.5 cm, oblong-ovate, oblong-lanceolate or elliptic to lanceolate, base oblique, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire, revolute, glabrous, coriaceous. Flowers polygamous, greenish-yellow, in axillary panicles; male flowers: sepal 5; petals 5; stamens 10; bisexual flowers: sepals and petals as in male flowers; stamens 2 or 3; ovary 5 partite, superior, ovule 1 in each cell. Fruit a samara, 1-5, oblong.
  • Habit: Tree
  • Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests, also planted in the plains
  • Flowering & Fruiting: January-May

  • Parts used: Bark
  • Properties & Uses: Bark carminative, tonic, febrifuge, used in dyspepsia; resin from the bark (Mittipal)/ bark juice stimulant, used in asthma, bronchial affections, dysentery; bark decoction used in typhoid and constipation.
  • Systems of Medicines: Ayurveda, Folk,
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