State Medicinal Plants Board (SMPB) Kerala

Adenanthera pavonina L.

  • Family: Fabaceae
  • Vernacular names: Manchadai, മഞ്ചാടി (Malayalam), Circassian tree, Red bead tree (English), Ksharaka (Sanskrit), Badi gumchi (Hindi), Ani kundamani (Tamil)
  • Distribution: Tropical Asia to N. Australia; introduced to parts of Tropical America and Africa
  • Description: Deciduous trees; to 20 m high. Leaves bipinnate, alternate; leaflets 8-20, alternate, oblong, oblong-elliptic, base slightly oblique, apex round or emarginated, mucronate, puberulent above and glaucous beneath. Flowers pale yellow, clustered in axillary spiciform racemes. Calyx tube campanulate. Petals 5, connate below, linear-lanceolate. Stamens 10, free, filaments alternately long and short. Ovary subsessile. Pod straight to falcate to slightly twisted, spirally coiled after dehiscence; seeds to 15, red, smooth, shining.
  • Habit: Tree
  • Habitat: Planted as Avenue tree
  • Flowering & Fruiting: January-September

  • Parts used: Seeds
  • Properties & Uses:
  • Systems of Medicines: Folk,
  • Traditional Uses:Traditionally, the ground seed is widely used for the treatment of various human ailments such as treatment of boils, inflammation, blood disorders, arthritis, rheumatism, cholera, paralysis, epilepsy, convulsion, spasm, and indigestion
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