Description: Erect herbs. Leaves broadly ovate, base rounded to shortly attenuate. Spikes axillary, monoecious. Male flowers above, minute; Female flowers below subtended by foliaceous bracts. Capsules 3-valved.
Habitat: Deciduous forests and also in the plains
Flowering & Fruiting: July-December
Parts used: Whole plant
Properties & Uses: Diuretic, purgative, anthelmintic, expectorant, analgesic and emetic. Leaves and leaves are used to treat skin diseases, ulcers, bronchitis. Whole plant is used to treat cough, asthma, jaundice, rheumatism and diarrhea. Fruits are used to treat bronchitis and earache. Leaves are used in skin diseases and eye inflammation
Systems of Medicines:
Ayurveda, Folk, Unani, Homeo,